NASA is planning to land the first woman on the moon in a little over three years' time and has whittled down who it will be to just nine candidates. They include a Cambridge graduate, marine veteran who fought in Iraq and Afghanistan and a former University of Bath rugby player who starred in the English Women's Premiership. Here, MailOnline looks at each female astronaut shortlisted for the initial Artemis missions, which will culminate in the first crewed landing on the moon in 2025. Bookmaker William Hill has also provided odds for the contenders, who include (clockwise, from top left) Stephanie Wilson, Kate Rubins, Kayla Barron, Jasmin Moghbeli, Nicole Mann, Jessica Watkins, Anne McClain, Jessica Meir and Christina Koch.
Happy 10th Birthday, Curiosity! MailOnline looks at NASA rover's biggest achievements so far as it celebrates spending a decade on the Red Planet
Curiosity has driven nearly 18 miles (29 kilometres) and ascended 2,050 feet (625 metres) while exploring Gale Crater and the foothills of Mount Sharp within it during its 10 years on Mars. The rover has analysed 41 rock and soil samples, relying on a suite of science instruments to learn what they reveal about Earth's rocky sibling. Such has been its success, what was originally intended to be a two-year mission was later extended indefinitely.
Tonga underwater volcanic eruption blasted 58,000 Olympic swimming pools-worth of water into the stratosphere and could weaken the ozone layer, NASA warns
Tonga's volcanic eruption in January blasted enough water to fill more than 58,000 Olympic-size swimming pools - and could weaken the ozone layer. Scientists who examined the amount of water vapour ejected by the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai volcano describe it as 'unprecedented'. The powerful steam was formed when seawater in the South Pacific came into contact with the lava and was 'superheated'. The eruption created sound waves heard as far as Alaska 6,200 miles away, in a sonic boom that circled the globe twice. In a new study, experts from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory predict the volume of water could be enough to temporarily affect the global average temperature. 'We've never seen anything like it,' said atmospheric scientist Dr Luis Millán.
Move aside, Alexa and Siri! 'World's most sophisticated' AI assistant that can hold conversations just like a human launches on a £399 handheld games console - and its developer Go Games plans to launch it into SPACE
EXCLUSIVE: The new TRDR Pocket 'Series 2' from Go Games comes with one of three built-in AI 'personalities' - Scarlet, Tony and Julia - which users can chat to while they're playing. These AIs are surprisingly advanced - allowing users to have much more natural conversations than they would with rival voice assistants like Siri and Alexa.
Bonobos cry just like babies! Video reveals how adult apes produce high-pitched screeches when they are attacked to increase their chances of being comforted by others
The study by psychologists at Durham University reveals that bonobos' displays of distress are strategic, increasing their chances of receiving consolation from bonobo bystanders. They resemble those typically used by infants - such as pouting, whimpering and showing tantrums.
Jeff Bezos' Blue Origin launches six people into suborbital space: Mission brought the first people of Portuguese and Egyptian descent and helped the first woman complete the Explorer's Extreme Trifecta
Vanessa O'Brien, 57, is the first woman to complete the Explorer's Extreme Trifecta. She finished the the honor when she launched on Blue Origin's rocket to space. O'Brien had previously climbed to the highest point on Earth (Mount Everest) and reached the deepest point in the sea (the Challenger Deep). She was one of six people who soared 62 miles above the surface aboard Blue Origin's New Shepherd rocket. Sara Sabry (second from left) is the first person from Egypt to go to space and and Mário Ferreira (third from left) made history for being the first person from Portugal. Also along for the epic journey was Clint Kelly III (left), a former member of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), Steve Young (second from right) who is the former owner of Florida's largest communications firm and YouTube star Coby Cotton (third from right). The New Shepard rocket took off a 9:57am ET from the company's West Texas facility.
Paradise is choking: 24 million tons of sargassum seaweed is smothering Caribbean coasts, killing wildlife, cutting off tourism and releasing toxic gases
Forget sea monsters and tidal waves. Beachgoers and fishermen alike are having their summers ruined by something far less cinematic: record amounts of 'sargassum' seaweed that have inundated huge swaths of Atlantic Ocean shoreline. The amount of algae found in the tropical, central west and east Atlantic - as well as the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico - was up to 24.2 million tons in June. That's an increase from 18.8 million tons a month prior and a record high. 'If you put all this biomass side by side, the entire area is equivalent to six times of Tampa Bay,' Chuanmin Hu, a researcher from the University of South Florida who studied the phenomenon, told DailyMail.com.
REVEALED: The satellite images that show how triple-digit temperatures blanketed the US in July, putting 150 MILLION Americans under extreme heat warnings and killing dozens
The tremendous impact of extreme heat - the deadliest weather phenomenon in America that put 150 million under warnings - is revealed in new animated maps from NASA that show how triple-digit weather spread nationwide in July. Temperatures topped 90 and 100 degrees regularly, with Newark seeing a record-breaking five consecutive days of triple digit heat for the first time ever and states including Texas and Oklahoma seeing spikes up to 115 degrees. Utah residents sweltered during a 16-day streak of temperatures over 100 degrees. Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows that extreme heat is the deadliest weather phenomenon in the country, killing more people each year than tornadoes, hurricanes or floods.
From iPhones to Nintendo Switches and even smart TOASTERS: How war between China and Taiwan could cause Christmas present chaos amid never-ending chip shortage nightmare
China and Taiwan are on the brink of war following a long-standing dispute over the island's sovereignty - which could have massive implications for the consumer technology industry. Experts have told MailOnline that a war between China and Taiwan could cause shortages of highly sought-consumer products leading up until Christmas, including Apple's iPhone and Sony's PlayStation 5.
Meet the virtual influencer with MILLIONS of followers: Digital popstar Polar draws in huge crowds of teens as she performs in the Avakin Life metaverse - but parents warn the platform is 'hypersexualised'
EXCLUSIVE: MailOnline spoke to Polar, a digital popstar with over two million of followers, who regularly performs to crowds of teens in the Avakin Life metaverse. Polar says she sees the metaverse as an opportunity to meet with her fans 'on the same side of the screen'. However, many parents have expressed concerns about the safety of their children in the metaverse with one calling Avakin Life 'hypersexualised and cringey.'
Can you spot the faint red glow of Earendel? James Webb Space Telescope captures its first image of the most distant known star in the universe
Named Earendel, after a character in J.R.R. Tolkien's 'Lord of the Rings' prequel 'The Silmarillion', the star is almost 28 billion light-years away from Earth. That is more than 10 billion light-years more distant than the next-furthest star astronomers have seen. At such enormous distances, experts can usually only make out entire galaxies, but a lucky coincidence allowed them to spot Earendel with the Hubble Space Telescope and then observe it again with James Webb on July 30.
Galactic wagon wheel! James Webb Space Telescope captures stunning new infrared image of the Cartwheel Galaxy and its central black hole 500 million light-years from Earth
The US space agency's new telescope has peered into the chaos of the Cartwheel Galaxy (pictured), revealing new details about star formation and the galaxy's central black hole. Its powerful infrared gaze produced a detailed image of the Cartwheel and two smaller companion galaxies against a backdrop of many other galaxies. Located about 500 million light-years away in the Sculptor constellation, the Cartwheel Galaxy is a rare sight.
Giant 16-foot-long metal fragment found in Indonesia believed to be debris from China's out-of-control rocket that fell to Earth Sunday: Officials warn villagers the fragment could be radioactive
A metal fragment has been uncovered outside an Indonesian village that officials say could be part of China's rocket that plummeted to Earth on Sunday. The metal measures 16 feet long and seven feet wide, and appears to be light weight as a video shows a single man able to pick it up off the ground. Jonathan McDowell, an astrophysicist at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, told DailyMail.com: 'This is one of the domed ends of the propellant tanks. No doubt in my mind that this is part of the Chinese rocket stage. Also, it was found exactly on the reentry path, which adds credibility.'
From Boris Johnson to Rita Ora: The famous faces who were born in surprising places REVEALED - as interactive map shows the most notable figures in YOUR area
A new interactive map from Mapbox reveals the most notable people from different towns around the world - with many viewers shocked at the results. Here, MailOnline reveals some of the famous faces who were born in surprising places, including Mel Gibson, Freddie Mercury and Nicole Kidman.
Humans settled in North America 17,000 years EARLIER than previously believed: Bones of mammoth and her calf found at an ancient butchering site in New Mexico show they were killed by people 37,000 years ago
A three-foot-tall pile of mammoth bones was uncovered in New Mexico. The bones, which belonged to an adult female and her calf, showed slaughter marks and fractures from blunt force impact. Scientists extracted collagen from the bones, allowing them to date the settlement between 36,250 to 38,900 years old.
The amazing 'spike maps' that will change the way you see Earth: Eye-opening data reveals how jam-packed YOUR hometown is - and how the world's population could fit into New York City's five boroughs (if everyone stood shoulder-to-shoulder)
Eye-opening population density spike maps have revealed the true scale of how jam-packed America's coastal areas are compared to its interior - and the staggering detail that New York City's five boroughs could hold all the people on Earth standing shoulder-to-shoulder. Standard population density maps are colored but flat, so it's difficult to know how dense one area truly is in comparison with another. While the spread of humanity may not be surprising, these maps break down population density into spikes - the higher the spike, the larger the volume of people living in one area - that offer a fascinating visual appraisal of how humans congregate along the coasts near water in North and South America, Europe, Asia and Australia, due to a longstanding preference since humans evolved from ocean organisms. In the US, we can see the mega-regions along the northeast corridor and the West Coast that account for a large chunk of the country's population. The maps' creator Alasdair Rae, a professor of urban studies and planning at the University of Sheffield, told DailyMail.com: 'In a way these graphics are blindingly obvious, they tell us what we know, but it's a slightly different way of seeing the world. It's interesting and it's also quite enjoyable - part science, part fun and part art.'
Who's the most notable person from YOUR hometown? Interactive map reveals the most significant people around the world - with Sean Connery topping the list in Edinburgh, Barack Obama in Honolulu, and Freddie Mercury in Zanzibar
An incredible interactive map has been developed this week that reveals the birthplaces of the most 'notable people' around the world. It suggests that Sean Connery is the most notable person to hail from Edinburgh, while Barack Obama tops the list in Honolulu, and Freddie Mercury in Zanzibar.